One of the main architectural complexes of Tashkent city - is Sheykhantaur complex. There was a complex round Havendi Takhur's grave –local sheikh who died in 1355. Complex includes two mausoleums. One of them Havendi Takhur Kaldyrgach-biy’s mausoleum, and second mausoleum of Yunus khan.
Kaldyrgach-biy mausoleum was founded on a place of tomb of Sheikh Havendi Takhur in the second half of the fifteenth century by order of Timur. Sheikh Havendi Takhur had close related communications with great sufiy Hodji Akhror, and also was considered as descendant of Caliph Omar.
Havendi Takhur had wondered for many years. Being young, he made travel to Turkestan. He lived in this city among dervishes for several years, comprehension of mystical philosophy of Ahmad Yassaviy was his purpose.
On return to Tashkent he lodged at a sacred source where according to his will and he was buried. In the sixteenth century Havendi Takhur's mausoleum was the most esteemed in Tashkent.
The building of mausoleum is combined from a tiled brick of light yellow color. As a whole the mausoleum looks very modestly. Recover a few bricklaying majolica decorative lattices – pandjara.
Havendi Takhur's mausoleum in Tashkent is a unique sample of single-chamber centric mausoleum with tent many-sided double dome which is a rarity for this edge. Only one element of decor of the fifteenth century remained up to now are domes located in the basis of ganch stalactites. In a hall of the mausoleum there are four niches on which corners there are small chambers, brick spiral staircase and cells – hudjras.
MAUSOLEUM OF YUNUS-KHAN
After death of governor of Tashkent city - Yunus khan Mogolistani at the end of the fifteenth century there was erected magnificent architectural construction – the mausoleum of Yunus khan. His childhood Yunus khan being descendant of the second son Chingiz khan, spent in Iran. Sherefeddin al-Iyezdi – famous author of chronicle "Zafar-name" was his instructor. Yunus khan was owner of knowledge in field of literature and divinity, he perfectly knew Persian and Arabic languages. Besides this outstanding person possessed poetic gift, perfectly sang and played different musical instruments, and also owned calligraphy art. In 1456 he was proclaimed as khan of Mongolian ulus (dinasty). In Margelan took place meeting of Yunus khan with sheikh Hodji Akhror. He managed to win protection of sheikh, and that helped Yunus khan to attach Tashkent to his possession.
The mausoleum of Yunus khan is very rare for region of Central Asia mausoleum that is in khanaki type. The building has T-shaped. This architectural construction has impressing sizes. Entrance to the mausoleum is made out by high lancet arch. Dome overlapping is based on system of crossed sails and arches in main hall of a construction. Facades of a building have furnish in the form of ornament "giry" and calligraphical Arab ligature.
Many riddles are saved in the mausoleum of Yunus khan, one of which conceals in itself absence of burial. Its fine carved doors are very unusual. They appeared as musical. Ancient musical instrument called Chang, is built skillfully in doorway between their shutters. Presently building of madrasah belongs to a complex of Islam University.
Other sights in Tashkent