In the heart of old city of Tashkent there is located Hazrati Imam's complex. For people it is known as Hast-Imam. It is a center of Islamic culture in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Complex is established on grave of Abu Bakr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi. He was one of the first imams of Tashkent city, expert of hadis and Koran, well-known theologian and linguist.
By the end of the sixteenth century Hazrati Imam's complex became a main cult and memorial place in the city. Complex includes mosque Namaz-gokh, madrasah of Barack khan, mausoleum of Imam Kaffal Shashi and mausoleum of Sheikh Babakhodji which was taken down in the sixties of last century.
At the time of Sheybanids ruling at initiative of governor Abullakhan II in the territory of a complex there was carried out large-scale construction works. In the southern direction from the mausoleum of Imam Kaffal Shashi - cemetery on which buried both representatives of clergy and high society, there was based simple residents. According to Mirza Ahmed Kushbegi's order, Kokand khan, mosque Tillya Sheykh and madrasah Muyi Muborak were constructed.
In 2007 there were held reconstruction of a vast scale in a complex. New buildings – Islamic institute named after Al-Bukhari, Management of Muslims of Uzbekistan and Hazrati Imam's cathedral mosque. The most skillful and eminent masters took part in grandiose works on reconstruction of a complex. Now Hazrati Imam's complex represents an integral architectural complex and is the main sight of Uzbekistan capital.
IMAM KAFFAL SHASHI MAUSOLEUM
The mausoleum of Imam Kaffal Shashi has great historical value. This architectural monument belongs to the late Middle Ages. Abu Bakr Muhammad Kaffal al Shashi, by whose name the mausoleum is called, was born in 903 in Binkent - Tashkent was called so in old times. In youth he worked as handicraftsman – made locks, he received for this occupation subsequently a nickname Lock man – Kaffal. Several times Kaffal Shashi made a hadj to Mecca, he visited Hijaz, Baghdad and Damascus.
During Kaffal Shashi's travel he participated in debates with outstanding scientists of the Muslim world. On these debates he showed extensive and profound knowledge in different areas of divinity. This outstanding person deservedly received a title «Great Imam» in Arab world. He had no equals among Movarounnakhr's scientists.
When Imam Kaffal Shashi returned home, he devoted himself to statement of bases of Sharia and Islam distribution. In the middle of the tenth century Imam, having moved away from city bustle, lodged near an ancient channel Kalkuaz.
After death of Imam Kaffal Shashi in 976 his grave became a worship place. Over a grave there was constructed mausoleum. However it was collapsed over time. And in 1541-42 was erected a new mausoleum on the same place.
The building of mausoleum is on a high platform, towering over burials which surround it. In defiance of east tradition entrance portal of mausoleum is directed to the north, instead of towards Mecca. Decorative furnish of mausoleum is unique for Tashkent that is a majolica of the sixteenth century. Now the mausoleum of Imam Kaffal Shashi is a place of pilgrimage where many believers are gathered.
Other sights in Tashkent